KOLKATA, India, CMC – Fast bowler Jerome Taylor says West Indies will use yesterday’s warm-up loss to hosts India as a learning experience and hit back strongly when the Twenty20 World Cup bowls off. West Indies were soundly beaten by India by 45 runs at Eden Gardens, after suffering a batting collapse while chasing a target of 186. “We can look at the batting and the way we lost wickets. Wickets kept falling in clusters so I guess that’s one area we can improve on,” Taylor told reporters. “As a team, we are working towards one common goal which is winning and there’s always room for improvement. We will go back to the drawing boards and come again after this game.” He added: “If you want to be in the finals, you have to improve each and every time you go out on the park so we’ll look to improve in all departments of the game – batting, bowling and fielding.” India got up to 185 for five off their 20 overs, with opener Rohit Sharma anchoring the innings with an unbeaten 98 off 57 deliveries. Taylor led the attack with two for 26 while left-arm spinner Sulieman Benn finished with two for 30. The Jamaican said despite the loss, the squad was in a great mood, especially coming off a two-week camp in the United Arab Emirates. “We have been playing cricket over the last week, two weeks. It’s a happy camp, to be honest with you,” Taylor said. “The guys are gelling together and they are upbeat about this tournament. They are just sharing each other’s experience among themselves and gelling together as a group. “This is a fantastic experience for us as well and hope we can take a lot from this and bounce back again.” Taylor said the defeat would not dent the side’s confidence but would enhance their preparation to face India later in the competition, if such a meeting arose. “It has provided us with an insight as to what India are going to be like so there’s a lot to take from this game … so that if we do come up against India again we can give a good account of ourselves.”
South African forests, such as that found in the Tsitsikamma National Park, are spectacular centres of biodiversity, with hundreds of different species of trees, and a good many more species of herbaceous plants, forming a thick, tangled and wild understory. (Image: Rodger Bosch, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com.) Plantations almost always consist of only one species of tree planted in straight rows. And underneath the trees virtually nothing grows. (Image: Graeme Williams, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com. For more freephotos, visit the image library.)Jennifer SternThe international Forest Stewardship Council’s (FSC) fifth general assembly, held in Cape Town in early November, has introduced important reforms which give water-poor developing countries such as South Africa more say in the regulation of water-hungry forestry plantations.The FSC is a not-for-profit organisation established to promote the responsible management of the world’s forests. It is a member-driven organisation, and the general assembly, which meets every three years, is its highest decision-making body. The 2008 assembly was the first to be held on the African continent.The aim of the FSC is to ensure sustainable forest use by accrediting and certifying forest products that have been grown and manufactured in a way that complies with specified environmental, financial and social criteria.One of the main aims of the general assembly was to restructure global certification standards to be appropriate to all countries of the world. For many South African members, this was the most important function of the assembly.Until now, the FSC has had one set of standards that is applicable worldwide, but this has been hotly disputed – particularly by people and organisations in the southern hemisphere and tropical regions.One of the main points of conflict was the fact that FSC permits certification of plantations using the same criteria that apply to natural forests.In South Africa particularly, this has caused an absolute uproar. Civil and environmental organisations Timberwatch and Geasphere held a meeting in Cape Town prior to FSC’s assembly to protest vigorously against the certification of plantations. At issue were the many negative environmental and social impacts of monoculture plantations in South Africa.Monoculture plantations, which in South Africa are usually alien pine or eucalyptus, drastically reduce the water table, threaten biodiversity, and contribute to soil erosion. Their many negative social impacts include loss of access to traditional medicines, deterioration of subsistence agriculture due to falling water tables, and health problems caused by pollution of water and air by sawmills and other processing plants.In the face of these arguments the seemingly obdurate insistence by FSC to continue to allow the certification of plantations made no sense at all.But the voice of dissent did not fall on deaf ears. As John Scotcher, forestry consultant and FSC’s South African representative, says, “One of the most important items on the agenda is the recognition of the differences between natural forests and plantations, and the development of appropriate indicators and standards that reflect these differences.”Seeing the differenceIn South Africa, a short-sighted child could tell the difference between a forest and a plantation with one glance out the car window at 120 km/h. South African forests are spectacular centres of biodiversity, with hundreds of different species of trees, and a good many more species of herbaceous plants, forming a thick, tangled and wild understory.Forests buzz with life. Iridescent birds such as the narina trogon and the Knysna turaco flash their bright plumage as they flit from branch to branch, and an enormous number of different animal species – ranging from the tiniest insects and frogs to elephants – make the forests their home.Plantations in South Africa, on the other hand, almost always consist of only one species of tree planted in straight rows. And underneath the trees virtually nothing grows. Plantations are boring, monotonous, green deserts that suck up enormous amounts of groundwater and lend a monochromatic tone to what were once beautiful, diverse landscapes.But they are also useful. We need timber for construction, furniture and mine props, and – despite the much-heralded but still awaited paperless office – we need paper.Less diversity in the north“But things are different in the northern hemisphere,” explains Scotcher. ‘In stark contrast to our tangled forests, the natural forests of, for example, northern Europe consist of less than a dozen tree species, of which about seven or eight are commercially exploitable.“So, if it were possible to obtain an easier certification for plantations, European timber growers could simply destroy all the trees of no commercial value and turn every forest into a plantation , albeit of mixed species. “The main concern of certain groups is that plantations are not forests, and therefore a different set of principles and criteria would be needed for each.”Schotcher points out that the FSC does not usually allow plantations that have been established on clear-felled indigenous forests after 1994 to qualify for FSC certification. And that this would, in any case, be an unlikely event in South Africa as all natural forests are protected by the National Forests Act.The National Forests Act includes natural forests, plantations and woodlands under the definition of forests. So there is no legal distinction between plantations of alien trees, like pine or eucalyptus, and forests like those at Knysna, in Tsitsikamma on the wild coast, in the Amatola Mountains and in the wilds of Magoebaskloof.“In May 2005,” Scotcher says, “a National Initiative Working Group was established to oversee the setting of appropriate certification standards in South Africa through the appointment of consultants.“The working group is made up of 12 people consisting of three representatives from the forestry industry, three from environmental organisations, three from social interest groups, and three from the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. “In November 2007,” he continues “the Institute of Natural Resources at the University of KwaZulu-Natal was appointed by the working group to develop certification standards for both natural forests and plantations. In March 2008, the first round of stakeholder consultations was implemented through the holding of public meetings.This is due to be followed up by a second round of meetings towards the end of November 2008. These will be held in the Western Cape, the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Limpopo.In addition to these, there will be focus group meetings with community leaders, landowners, forestry industry representatives, environmental organisations and other stakeholders.”Different certification criteriaIn the case of natural forests, certification standards will include the percentage of trees that will be harvested, the way they will be harvested, and how they’ll be removed from the forest.Plantations, on the other hand will be judged by, among other things, their proximity to watersheds, fire management and the control of weeds – both weeds growing up within the plantations, and the escape of plantation trees onto neighbouring land.In both cases, fair labour practices and financial and social responsibility will be taken into account when certifying enterprises.Of course, it’s not just the growing of trees for timber and pulp that needs to be certified. Sawmills, pulp and paper mills, and other networks associated with production can also be certified through the chain-of-custody process.It’s a really complex process, and it’s impossible to ensure absolutely no impact whatsoever but, when you buy a wooden table or a ream of paper with the FSC logo on it, you can be assured that – as far as possible while maintaining financial viability – all reasonable steps have been taken to minimise any negative impact on the environment and the communities living close by.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Mary Alexander at [email protected] articlesGreenpeace takes on AfricaWalking for Eden, and elephantsSappi and Volvo greening SAUseful linksForest Stewardship CouncilForestlore ConsultingSappiMondiTimberwatchGeasphereDepartment of Water Affairs and Forestry
1 August 2014Cornel Fredericks beat a world-class field that included the reigning world champion to claim gold in the 400 metres hurdles at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow on Thursday, while the country’s lawn bowlers continued to shine.By day’s end, South Africa had won 11 gold, 10 silver and 15 bronze medals, bringing their total to 36 medals, already three more than the team won in Delhi in 2010, but with one gold medal less. Those figures could improve over the next few days.400m hurdles winnerFredericks defeated a line-up featuring reigning world champion Jehue Gordon to take the title in the 400 metres hurdles. He stopped the clock in 48.50 seconds, with Trinidad and Tobago’s Gordon placing second in 48.75 and Jeffrey Gibson of the Bahamas third in 48.78.Describing his title-winning effort, Fredericks said: “As I ran round the final bend I remembered my former coach from the UK, Bruce Longden, tell me to ‘stay tall and run fast’, and that came into my mind. I just stayed tall and gave my everything.“Yesterday I told myself I needed a good lane draw, so ensured I won the semi,” he continued. “This season I have raced well against top athletes and I trained hard in the off-season. Today it paid off in the major championships.”800m bronzeAndre Olivier added a bronze medal to the South African haul when he finished third in a tactical final to the 800 metres. Olivier’s training partner, Nijel Amos of Botswana, outsprinted world record holder David Rudisha to win the gold.“I wasn’t wanting to get tangled with Nijel, so moved wide to get space. Over the last 50m, I just closed my eyes and went for the line, as I saw Nijel and Rudisha racing for gold,” Olivier said, after clocking 1:46.03.“We knew Rudisha would not take it out too quick, around 51, 52 seconds, so we just had to get ourselves into a good position for the last 100 and just go for it.“The goal since we started training in December was Commonwealth Games,” he added. “The coach was saying we want medals, medals and it’s been about medals at the Commonwealth since then.”Personal best in 200mAkani Simbine qualified for the final of the 200 metres, but Wayde van Niekerk, after his efforts in winning silver in the 400 metres the previous evening, missed out. In the medal race, Simbine finished fifth in a personal best of 20.37 seconds as Jamaica took a 1-2-3, with Rasheed Dwyer claiming the title.Wenda Theron contested the final of the women’s 400 metres hurdles but was disqualified, while Victor “Hulk” Hogan had a disappointing discus competition in the cold and wet conditions.He had two no-throws and a poor third throw of 56.42m, which meant he didn’t qualify for the final three throws. Hogan had topped his qualifying group with a distance of 64.16 metres, which was better than Vikas Shive Gowda’s gold medal winning distance.Lawn bowls team’s golden recordThe bowlers gave Team South Africa an early boost when they won the Open Triples B6/7/8 title, defeating New Zealand 13-11 in the final. That victory gave South Africa a record fourth gold medal in a single Commonwealth Games and bettered their table-topping haul of three golds in India four years ago.Playing in testing conditions that changed back and forth from drizzle to sun, the combination of Deon van der Vyver, Roger Hagerty and skip Derrick Lobban, took an early lead out to 7-1 after four ends, but conceded shots back to even pegging at 7-7 with 8 ends remaining. The South Africans, however, picked up their game and came away with the win.“It was a ding-dong battle from midway to the end,” Hagerty said afterwards. “It’s got to be the pinnacle of my bowls career in both able-bodied and disabled,” he added.“Hopefully they can build off this to get a higher profile [for bowls]. It’s a game of skill, and we need to use the [gold] medals of the visually impaired and disabled side to raise the profile of para-bowls.”Bowls’ bronzeSusan Nel, Santjie Steyn and Esme Steyn won bronze in the women’s trips by beating Wales. The teams were level at 10-10 when the Welsh picked up four shots, but from that point on it was all South Africa as they coped well with the rain to run out 23-14 winners.There is a possibility of a further gold medal for Team South Africa in the bowls’ competition after the ladies pairs’ duo of Colleen Piketh and Tracy Lee Botha defeated Wales and Jersey to secure a place in the final.Wrestling medalIn the wrestling arena, meanwhile, Armando Hietbrink seemed almost stunned by the suddenness of it all after he claimed a bronze medal in the 86kg class by pinning Kenya’s Peter Onyango Omenda in just 42 seconds.Hockey semi-finals missOn the hockey pitch, the South African men’s team missed out on the semi-finals when they were beaten 5-2 by India. With Andrew Cronje and Jonty Robinson sidelined by injuries, coach Fabian Gregory had only three players on his bench.The Indians were at their best in the first half, tearing South Africa apart to race into a 4-0 halftime lead. Showing impressive character, Austin Smith and company hit back with two goals after the break, scored by Taine Paton and Smith, but India found a fifth goal with 13 minutes left to secure their passage into the final four.Time trial disappointmentCyclists Ashleigh Moolman Pasio and Heidi Dalton finished well out of the running in the time trial, with Moolman Pasio placing 15th and Dalton 20th. New Zealand’s Linda Villumsen took victory to win the 600th medal for New Zealand in the history of the Commonwealth Games.“It was a tough course. I really hadn’t focused on this event. It’s the road race where I have the medal potential,” Moolman told reporters. “It was good to get on the road, but it was not a good result for me.”MedalsAt the close of competition on Thursday, England topped the table with 44 gold, 40 silver, and 39 bronze medals, for a total of 123 medals in all.Australia was in second place with 36 gold, 36 silver and 41 bronze medals and 113 medals overall.Canada, with 27 gold, 13 silver and 25 bronze medals, was in third, having won a total of 65 medals.Scotland was in fourth, India fifth, New Zealand sixth and South Africa remained in seventh place.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Most of us have marestail across Ohio. And pretty much all of us have resistant marestail, likely resistant to glyphosate and also likely resistant to the ALS herbicides. And if we all switch to Xtend beans then it will likely also soon be resistant to dicamba. Uh-oh, this is starting to sound bad for the future of soybean weed control. Table 1. The table below shows the number of fields observed in the Ohio Fall Soybean Weed Survey by region, the percent of fields without weeds and weeds observed ranked by appearance.Region of OhioNumber of fields observed% of fields without weedsAppearance by weed; ranked in orderNortheast29626Marestail; grasses; Common lambsquarters; Volunteer corn; and pigweedsEast central7135Marestail; Giant ragweed; Common ragweed; and Redroot pigweedCentral20645Giant ragweed; MarestailNorthwest75546Marestail; Giant ragweed; Common ragweed; grasses; pigweedsWest central71622Giant ragweed; Marestail; Tall waterhemp; Volunteer corn; grassesSouthwest27033Marestail; Giant ragweed; Volunteer corn; common ragweed; pigweeds I take this information below from an article by Mark Loux, from October 2011 regarding Fall Herbicide Treatments. Guess what, it’s the same situation we are in today. Remember fall 2011 — wet with delayed harvest.We have published this same type of information fairly frequently in C.O.R.N. (http://corn.osu.edu), and our suggestions for fall treatments have not really changed much. Herbicides are applied in the fall primarily for control of an existing infestation of winter annuals or marestail, volunteer wheat, biennials (wild carrot, poison hemlock), or cool-season perennials (dandelion, quackgrass, Canada thistle) that are most susceptible to herbicides in the fall. We have already been asked a number of times how late in the fall herbicides can be applied and still be effective. In our research, herbicides seem to be effective for control of winter annuals and biennials well into December. The rate of plant death can slow considerably, but this is not a problem since weeds just have to die by early spring. Control of perennials typically declines in late November or early December though, depending upon weather.We consider the fall herbicide application to be an essential component of an effective marestail management program, although fall is not where the majority of the money should be spent on managing this weed. Even where the herbicides lack residual, the fall treatment seems to enable more effective control of marestail the following season.There is a core group of herbicide treatments that make sense to use in the fall based on their effectiveness and cost, as follows. On biology and control of marestail look over Mark’s website: https://u.osu.edu/osuweeds/, and see the control factsheet.Glyphosate + 2,4-D can be used in the fall prior to any spring crop.It is the most effective of the treatments shown here on grasses, biennials, and perennials.2,4-D + dicamba (premixes = Weedmaster, Brash, etc) can be used prior to corn or soybeans. This combination controls most broadleaf weeds, but is not as effective as glyphosate-based treatments on dandelion or Canada thistle.Canopy EX or DF (or the generics) + 2,4-D can be used prior to soybeans. The only one of the treatments listed here that provides residual control into the following spring/early summer.
On January 12th, 2013, The Art of Elysium will celebrate its 6th annual HEAVEN Gala, the night before the Golden Globes.This fall, The Art of Elysium celebrated 15 years of providing creative arts programming for hospitalized youth in Los Angeles and New York. With this milestone, they are proud to host their 6th annual HEAVEN.This year’s Visionary and creative force behind HEAVEN is Colleen Atwood, academy award winning costume designer. The Art of Elysium is thrilled to unveil her vision of heaven on earth, or “elysium”, on January 12th. The charity will also recognize David Arquette as their 2013 Spirit of Elysium Recipient for his years of volunteerism and tireless fundraising efforts on their behalf.The evening promises an unparalleled creative experience, rooted in their mission and representing the spirit of their diverse artistic disciplines – fashion design, fine art, music, and theatre/media. HEAVEN allows The Art of Elysium to confidently meet their annual operating costs and guarantees the growth and vitality of the organization for years to come, and ensure their ability to continue to deliver high quality art experiences to over 40,000 critically ill youth annually.For tickets and more info, click here.