Round two, 21 competitors smaller than the first, chewed through their vocabularies like a relentless scythe. “Regatta,” “graffiti” and “autobahn” knocked out contestants for minor mistakes. Lancaster’s Pinecrest Elementary School’s Nicole Lara drew “sayonara,” but her ability to correctly link its letters prevented her from having to bid it to the crowd. Controversy threatened to erupt in the sixth round, when Andrea Kizyma of Rosemont Middle School in Glendale correctly spelled “sarsaparilla,” but was confronted by an angry parent who vociferously contended that she was wrong. Her fellow spellers stuck up for her. The judges agreed. The mother shook her head in frustration. Play continued, taking out three competitors to bring the field to 16. Then the seventh round hit like a neutron bomb, introducing “endotracheal” and “calyx.” Getting knocked out in this round became a badge of honor, with 12 students bowing out. They erupted in cheers and hugged when it was over. Soon, it was just Josh Clark, 14, of Arroyo Seco Junior High in Santa Clarita, and Manning. Clark drew “buffa,” while Manning got “cuneiform.” He slipped up on “nascency,” then she came up correct on “abranchiate” and the tricky “echolalia” – and victory was hers. Clark led the ovation. “After awhile, it started being just random words,” said Manning, who attends a home-school group called Excellence in Education in Monrovia. “I didn’t know most of them – I was just guessing.” [email protected] (818) 713-3738160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Pronouncer Sharon Klein, a California State University, Northridge, associate professor of English, informed Manning that the word means “the pathological repetition of what is said by other people as if imitating them.” Emma repeated the word once and nailed its spelling, sealing her victory and propelling her on to the national competition in Washington, D.C. Fifty-six entrants filled the field of competition and things began easily enough. No one really trips on words like “burrito,” “paddock” or “Siberian.” “Magnanimous” claimed the first casualty, then “hassock” waylaid the kid three seats down. The crowd of teachers, parents and little brothers, dragged reluctantly, clutched videocameras and signs offering words of support. Fathers nodded along as their children worked through the treacherous words letter by letter. “Paprika,” “credenza” and “bayou” further thinned the ranks. Facing her greatest challenge in four years of competition, Emma Manning was nervous. Her family looked on in tremulous anticipation and Manning gulped down several quick breaths. Her voice cracked as she stood at the microphone. “Echolalia?” she said, more question than statement. “Definition, please?” This was it for the 14-year-old from Pasadena, her moment of glory or doom at the Daily News Regional Spelling Bee on Saturday. She’d survived nine rounds, nearly faltering early on “cummerbund,” only to hang in to the last.
“Assistance will also be given to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to meet the collateral requirements of commercial banks,” said Finance and the Public Service Minister, Hon. Audley Shaw. Minister Shaw said that MSMEs are the “backbone of our economy and a primary source of employment” and must be supported. The Development Bank of Jamaica (DBJ) and the National Export-Import Bank of Jamaica (EXIM Bank) will be expanding the provision of new financial services to the micro, small and medium-sized enterprise (MSME) sector. Story Highlights The Development Bank of Jamaica (DBJ) and the National Export-Import Bank of Jamaica (EXIM Bank) will be expanding the provision of new financial services to the micro, small and medium-sized enterprise (MSME) sector.These services, which are not currently available to them from the commercial financial institutions, include assistance with single-digit interest rates, venture capital, factoring and leasing.“Assistance will also be given to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to meet the collateral requirements of commercial banks,” said Finance and the Public Service Minister, Hon. Audley Shaw.He was opening the 2018/2019 Budget Debate in the House of Representatives on March 8 under the theme ‘Stability, Growth and Prosperity – Our Goal, Our Responsibility’.Minister Shaw said that MSMEs are the “backbone of our economy and a primary source of employment” and must be supported.He hailed the assistance to the sector from the multilateral development partners. Recently, the World Bank signed a US$15-million loan contract with the Government to improve access to finance for MSMEs.“This will bolster the initiative supported by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) to assist businesses to meet the collateral requirements of commercial lenders and to build business acumen of microenterprises,” he noted.Mr. Shaw added that this year will see the implementation of a programme financed by the European Investment Bank that will make a local currency loan available to the DBJ to provide financing for micro-entrepreneurs.
WISE, Fermi missions reveal a surprising blazar connection (Phys.org)—A team of researchers led by Andrea Maselli of the Institute of Space Astrophysics and Cosmic Physics of Palermo, Italy, has conducted an observational campaign of a group of unassociated radio sources with NASA’s Swift space observatory. The observations were aimed at revealing the true nature of these so far unidentified sources. The results were published Sept. 23 in a paper on arXiv.org. Citation: Scientists investigate unidentified radio sources (2016, September 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-09-scientists-unidentified-radio-sources.html Explore further The sky map in the direction of the radio source designated 3C 86, obtained by XRT in the 0.3–10 keV energy band (left panel) and by WISE in the w1 filter (right panel). A yellow dashed line marks the positional uncertainty region of the 3CR source. White continuous lines shape the radio contours obtained from the NVSS map and corresponding to 0.01, 0.2, 0.7, 2, and 4 Jy beam−1; a white cross marks the position of the catalogued NVSS source. A red circle marks the position of the detected XRT source with the corresponding error radius. Credit: Maselli et al., 2016. © 2016 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The Swift spacecraft, scanning the universe in the gamma-ray, X-ray, ultraviolet, and optical wavebands, is an invaluable tool when it comes to studying gamma-ray bursts and other electromagnetic events. It has already proved its scientific importance in many ways, for example by performing the first sensitive hard X-ray survey of the sky.Recently, Maselli and his team employed Swift to observe 21 bright radio sources included in the revised Third Cambridge Catalogue (3CR) of radio sources. The catalog contains celestial radio sources detected at 178 MHz that could advance our knowledge about the nature and evolution of powerful radio galaxies and quasars.However, some sources described in the 3CR catalog, including these detected by the NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS), are not only unobserved in X-rays, but are, in fact, completely unidentified, lacking an assigned optical or infrared counterpart. The authors of the paper decided to fill this gap by conducting a supplementary optical-to-X-ray campaign with the Swift spacecraft, in order to better characterize the properties of these unidentified sources.”We have investigated a group of unassociated radio sources included in the 3CR catalog to increase the multi-frequency information on them and possibly obtain an identification,” the researchers wrote in the paper.Each of the 21 sources was observed by two telescopes onboard Swift – the X-ray Telescope (XRT) and the Ultraviolet/Optical Telescope (UVOT). The observation campaign lasted from November 2014 to March 2015.According to the research, out of these 21 investigated sources, nine exhibit significant emission in the soft X-ray band. The scientists managed to assign an infrared counterpart in the AllWISE (All Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer) catalog for these nine sources and in four cases with no soft X-ray association.”After conducting Swift observations of 21 bright NVSS sources corresponding to 3CR sources classified as unassociated in the third update of the 3CR catalogue, we have obtained new X-ray detections for nine of them. Moreover, cross-matching the NVSS with the recent AllWISE Catalogue, we have found a WISE counterpart to all these nine X-ray sources, as well as to four cases with no X-ray detection,” the paper reads.What baffled the researchers is that no optical/UV counterpart has been found by UVOT, what lead them to an assumption that these unidentified radio sources should be classified as obscured active galaxies. However, the team added that it is too early to draw final conclusions as spectroscopic observations are needed to confirm this hypothesis.”Our analysis suggests that a spectroscopic analysis in the infrared range will be more helpful to identify their nature as well as potentially obtain a redshift measurement,” the team wrote. More information: A. Maselli et al. observations of unidentified radio sources in the revised Third Cambridge Catalogue, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2016). DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1222 , Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/1609.07484AbstractWe have investigated a group of unassociated radio sources included in the 3CR cat- alogue to increase the multi-frequency information on them and possibly obtain an identification. We have carried out an observational campaign with the Swift satellite to observe with the UVOT and the XRT telescopes the field of view of 21 bright NVSS sources within the positional uncertainty region of the 3CR sources. Furthermore, we have searched in the recent AllWISE Source Catalogue for infrared sources matching the position of these NVSS sources. We have detected significant emission in the soft X-ray band for nine of the investigated NVSS sources. To all of them, and in four cases with no soft X-ray association, we have associated a WISE infrared counterpart. Eight of these infrared candidates have not been proposed earlier in the literature. In the five remaining cases our candidate matches one among a few optical candidates suggested for the same 3CR source in previous studies. No source has been detected in the UVOT filters at the position of the NVSS objects, confirming the scenario that all of them are heavily obscured. With this in mind, a spectroscopic campaign, preferably in the infrared band, will be necessary to establish the nature of the sources that we have finally identified. , arXiv Journal information: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society