Call for really international support for Aubenas, Hanoun and three Romanian journalists

first_img IraqMiddle East – North Africa Follow the news on Iraq News News RSF_en Three jailed reporters charged with “undermining national security” News As Florence Aubenas and Hussein Hanoun enter their fourth month in captivity, Reporters Without Borders calls for a renewed international campaign on behalf of the journalists held hostage in Iraq. A statement signed by more than 100 European news media executives and editors has been given to the European parliament speaker. Reporters Without Borders will go to Bucarest the next day. News Iraq : Wave of arrests of journalists covering protests in Iraqi Kurdistan Receive email alerts April 5, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Call for really international support for Aubenas, Hanoun and three Romanian journalists December 28, 2020 Find out more IraqMiddle East – North Africa February 15, 2021 Find out more As Florence Aubenas of the French daily Libération and her Iraqi guide Hussein Hanoun enter their fourth month in captivity in Iraq, Reporters Without Borders today called for renewed expressions of support internationally for them and the three Romanian journalists who were taken hostage on 28 March.”Demonstrations of solidarity from everyone are not just helpful, they are essential,” the press freedom organization said. “Active support must be organized internationally at a time when more hostages are being taken and journalists of many nationalities are being targeted.”As part of the new drive, a statement signed by more than 100 European news media executives and editors has been given to European parliament speaker Josep Borrell. It calls on “all the European institutions and European Union member countries to step up efforts in support of the hostages.” This initiative was decided at a meeting of French news media executives and editors, with the support of Reporters Without Borders.At the same time, Aubenas’ father, Benoît Aubenas, will speak to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights this evening or tomorrow, using time allotted to Reporters Without Borders for addressing the commission, which is currently holding its annual session.Benoît Aubenas plans to say that Florence “was working in Iraq to tell us all, you and us, what happens in this country to men and women and children who are the victims of war, poverty, hunger and death (…) This is all Florence was doing in Iraq, like the recently kidnapped Romanian hostages, Sorin Dumitru Miscoci, Marie Jeanne Ion and Eduard Ovidiu Ohanesian. I appeal to your commission to immediately undertake all actions that will help bring this unbearable situation to an end. I am convinced that the governments present here will give your commission their full support in this respect.”As part of this desire to promote a really international campaign of support, Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Robert Ménard and Libération managing editor Antoine de Gaudemar will travel to Bucarest on 6 April to meet the families of the three Romanian hostages, the media they work for (Prima TV and Romania Libera) as well as representatives of the other leading Romanian news media and political leaders.In addition to these acts of solidarity, Reporters Without Borders called on the news media to begin reflecting together on the concrete measures that could be taken to ensure better protection for journalists working in Iraq and, in general, in war zones and other high risk areas. “Safety has a price,” the organization said. “Not all news media could meet such expenses. It is imperative that forms of cooperation and pooling of resources are considered in order to ensure better safety for reporters.”Reporters Without Borders added: “At the same time, governments must think about how to better protect journalists in war zones. The Geneva conventions must be scrupulously respected by governments, beginning with the democratic governments, which must show an example. Thought could also be given to how reinforce the provisions of the fourth convention on the protection of civilians in wartime and the two 1977 supplementary protocols in order to improve protection for journalists.” RSF’s 2020 Round-up: 50 journalists killed, two-thirds in countries “at peace” Help by sharing this information Organisation to go further December 16, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

Facebook’s oversight board is an important first step, but questions abound

first_imgWith more than 2 billion Facebook users worldwide, selecting a board that reflects the globe’s diversity will be a challenging feat. The board is expected to be composed of up to 40 experts, free from commercial influence, who specialize in human rights, technology, and journalism, among others. They will be charged with solving difficult calls pertaining to harassment, incitement to violence and how to rein in misinformation while respecting freedom of expression. News Organisation JOSH EDELSON / AFP Receive email alerts RSF_en February 1, 2019 Facebook’s oversight board is an important first step, but questions abound Follow the news on United States A challenging task News United StatesAmericas Protecting journalistsOnline freedomsMedia independence InternetFreedom of expression Finally, one wonders what will happen to the millions of significant but low profile cases of contested content removal? This is something RSF has been dealing with in recent years as it relates to journalists, cartoonists and citizen bloggers across the world. Will this oversight effort ultimately promote greater checks and balances throughout Facebook’s content moderation policies? “We feel this is an important first step, however, many essential questions remain. Much about the mechanics of this body needs to be specified. We need guarantees of real independence, as well as decision-making that conforms to international legal standards for freedom of speech,” said RSF San Francisco office director Sabine Dolan. to go further Help by sharing this information United StatesAmericas Protecting journalistsOnline freedomsMedia independence InternetFreedom of expression Reporters Without Borders (RSF) takes notes of Facebook’s plans for an oversight board tasked with reviewing tough content moderation issues from around the world. Announced last November, Facebook this week unveiled the draft of the charter but essential, and problematic, questions remain. What about content removed because it does not conform to Facebook’s community standards, even if it conforms to the law?  From that angle, Facebook community standards take precedence over the law and international standards of freedom of expression. Newscenter_img WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists The draft seems to indicate that content removed because of non-conformity to a national law could not be reintroduced by the board, even if it adhered to Facebook’s community standards. News June 7, 2021 Find out more According to the draft, the board would operate within the framework of Facebook’s community standards, Facebook norms would therefore be applied. But for now, the charter draft published by Facebook’s vice president of global affairs and communications, Nick Clegg, raises more important questions than it answers. How will the cases presented to the board be selected? How will the independence of its members be guaranteed? How to guarantee transparency in the decision-making process? And how to ensure the coherent jurisprudence of this board? It’s unclear who will speak on behalf of conformity to the law.  Would it suffice for an authoritarian government, for example, to state that content is contrary to its law, for content to be removed, without the board being able to have a say against this decision? Here’s hoping for greater transparency and accountability; RSF will be following progress closely. NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say The world’s largest social media platform says it will spend the next six months addressing these difficult questions, with the help of feedback from workshops held in Singapore, Delhi, Nairobi, Berlin, New York, Mexico City and other cities, along with submitted proposals. Troubling unanswered questions Furthermore, without more precision, national laws seem to take precedence no matter what — the board cannot decide against a national law, be it in a totalitarian regime or a democratic state. Facebook’s Oversight Board is just a stopgap, regulation urgently needed, RSF says June 3, 2021 Find out more The draft charter also indicates that Facebook would preserve the final say. If the board makes a decision that is not “consistent” with its own case law, the company could decide to not take it into account, as suggested in the draft charter’s question 11: “Facebook is ultimately responsible for making decisions related to policy, operations and enforcement.” The creation of an institution designed to tackle Facebook’s most challenging and contested cases marks an important step forward for the company, but it’s insufficient. Here are a few preliminary points from the draft charter that caught RSF’s attention: April 28, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more